Walnut timber are massive deciduous timber with rounded cover of inexperienced, lush foliage. Most walnut timber have darkish, ridged bark, pinnate feather-like leaves, and globular drupes that comprise a nut. Walnut timber develop to between 33 and 131 ft. (10 – 40 m) tall with a large unfold as much as 50 ft. (15 m). Walnut timber are within the plant genus Juglans and they’re well-known for his or her scrumptious nuts and exquisite wooden.
This information to walnut timber helps you establish the various kinds of species within the genus. You’ll discover descriptions of sorts of walnut tree leaves, nuts, and their bark.
See more: How to identify walnut trees
Walnut Tree Details
There are 21 species of walnut timber within the walnut household Juglandaceae. The most typical walnut tree varieties are black walnut, and English walnut timber. Different walnut tree varieties are butternut, California black walnut, Andean walnut, Japanese walnut, and little walnut.
Sorts of walnut timber are native to Europe, North America, Asia, and China.
Most individuals affiliate walnut timber with the scrumptious nuts they produce. Botanically talking, the walnut tree’s fruit is definitely not a nut however a drupe. The nut is definitely the seed of the walnut tree’s fruit. The walnut’s fruit has outer fleshy inexperienced husk surrounding a tough shell that incorporates the seed (which we name walnut). A complete walnut resembles the looks of a mind.
Walnut timber is a prized sort of hardwood for making furnishings. The wooden of walnut timber is a darkish brown, virtually chocolatey colour. The feel, lovely grain, and walnut wooden colour make it supreme for carving bowls, making cupboards, or utilizing it as a veneer.
Walnut Tree Varieties
The three most typical walnut tree varieties are:
- Black walnut (Juglans nigra). Black walnut tree has dark-colored bark with deep furrows giving the tree trunk a tough really feel. The nuts on black walnuts develop in a rounded inexperienced husk, and the tree’s foliage is made up of pinnate leaves.
- Butternut (Juglans cinerea) or white walnut timber. Butternut timber have a lightweight grey bark with a smoother really feel than black walnuts. As with all species of walnut, butternut tree leaves are pinnate with as much as 17 leaflets. The drupes are an oval, fairly than a rounded form.
- English walnut (Juglans regia) timber. English walnut timber have olive-brown, clean bark when younger that regularly develops extensive fissures. Like all species of walnut, leaves are pinnate, however English walnut leaves are smaller. The entire fruit of English walnut timber is edible with a wealthy taste.
Walnut Tree Bark
The bark of walnut timber is usually tough with deep fissures. The ridges run vertically up and down the trunk. Relying on the species, walnut bark will be gentle grey to darkish brown. Eradicating the bark from English walnut or black walnut timber reveals a darkish brown wooden.
The bark helps differentiate between the species of walnut timber. Butternut (white walnut) bark is whitish-gray and clean to the contact. English walnut and black walnut bark have deep vertical crevices and are a darker colour.
Walnut Tree Leaves
All 21 species of walnut timber have feather-like pinnate leaves. There are normally two to 9 pairs of leaflets on every blade and yet another leaf on the tip. Leaves flip yellow or brown within the fall. Crushing walnut leaves reveals a definite spicy citrus aroma.
Evaluating the three widespread walnut tree species, butternut (white walnut) tree has oblong-lanceolate leaves. In distinction, English and black walnut timber have shorter, extra rounded leaflets.
The distinction between black walnut and different species is that its leaves have a small terminal leaflet that generally is lacking. Nonetheless, butternut and English walnut timber all the time have a big leaflet on the tip.
Walnut Tree Nuts
Walnut timber will be recognized by their distinct nuts (or drupes). The fruits that develop on walnut timber appear like small inexperienced balls. The outer inexperienced layer surrounds the nutshell and kernel or nut. The nuts of walnut timber have two halves which have a bumpy texture with a papery masking.
Walnut Tree Identification
The easiest way to establish species of walnut timber is by their bark, leaves, and nuts. Their bark is gentle grey to darkish brown. Walnut leaves are pinnate, however some species have bigger leaves than others. Walnut nuts look related, however the style and texture between the species can differ.
Walnut tree bark normally has deep ridges working vertically up and down the trunk. The walnut bark colour will be brown to darkish grey and have diamond-shaped patterns. Some styles of walnut timber have smoother, lighter bark.
Walnut tree leaves are pinnate which have pairs of leaflets. Most walnut leaves even have a single leaf on the finish of the twig. The biggest leaflets are on the heart, and the leaves have between 5 and 25 leaflets. All walnut tree foliage turns brown or yellow within the fall.
Walnut tree nuts rising on the tree appear like small spherical or oval inexperienced balls. The walnut nut or seed is contained in a hard-brown shell. The style of walnuts ranges from earthy to delicate and candy.
Varieties of Walnut Bushes (With Photos)
The most typical walnut timber are the black walnut, English walnut, and butternut or white walnut. Nonetheless, different styles of walnut are present in South America, Asia, and southeastern Europe. It’s the black walnut and English walnut which are well-known for his or her timber. English walnut nuts are the sweetest.
Right here is details about the figuring out options of the preferred sorts of walnut timber.
Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
The black walnut tree has darkish, deeply fissured bark and grows to between 75 and 130 ft. (22 – 40 m) tall. The deciduous walnut tree is native all through North America’s jap half in USDA zones 4 – 9. Black walnut timber have medium progress, they usually want to develop in sunny areas.
Black walnuts are additionally referred to as the jap American black walnut or American walnut. Their native habitat is from southern Ontario to northern Florida they usually develop in forests and woodlands. These walnut timber can reside as much as 130 years.
The black walnut tree has a big, rounded crown of enormous pinnate leaves. The unfold of the sizeable nut-bearing tree will be as extensive as it’s tall.
Black walnut tree leaves and stems have a pungent citrus-like odor.
The female and male species of black walnut timber produce flowers. The male walnuts have lengthy catkins that hold from the branches. The feminine walnut produces small clusters of flowers on the top of quick spikes.
After flowering, the black walnut tree produces globe-shaped inexperienced fruits that appear like inexperienced balls – they’re are 2” (5 cm) in diameter.
When the black walnuts have simply fallen from the tree they appear like tough inexperienced balls. As they mature on the bottom, their husk flip from inexperienced to very darkish brown (and even black). Contained in the robust husk is the exhausting shell defending the edible nut.
One other distinguishing characteristic of black walnut timber is that they produce poisonous chemical compounds within the soil. You possibly can inform black walnut timber as a result of crops don’t develop in a 50 to 80 foot (15 – 24 m) radius across the tree.
Walnut tree bark: The black walnut tree has darkish grey to brown bark with deep ridges in diamond shapes. The distinctive bark sample makes it straightforward to establish black walnut timber within the winter.
Walnut tree leaves: Black walnut leaves are pinnately compound with 15 to 23 leaflets on every twig. Leaflets are 3” to 4” (7 – 10 cm) lengthy. The leaves have a barely serrated edge and are an ovate, lanceolate form. Leaves flip yellow within the fall.
Butternut or White Walnut (Juglans cinerea)
Butternut or white walnut timber have clean grey bark, develop as much as 66 ft. (20 m), and produce scrumptious nuts. Butternut timber resemble black walnut timber, solely that they’re smaller with smoother bark. White walnuts develop in full solar and thrive in zones 3 to 7.
Butternut timber has a couple of distinguishing options to inform them other than different walnut species. For instance, the fruit of butternut timber are oval, not spherical. Their leaves are inclined to have fewer leaflets. White walnut timber don’t tolerate the warmth as a lot as black walnut timber.
In comparison with black walnuts, butternut walnuts have a buttery style, not earthy just like the black ones.
White walnut timber additionally emit poisonous chemical compounds within the floor. Nonetheless, this isn’t as sturdy as black walnut and doesn’t have an effect on surrounding crops as a lot.
Walnut tree bark: Butternut tree bark is grey and clean when the tree is younger and solely turns into tough and fissured when the walnut tree is mature.
Walnut tree leaves: Butternut tree leaves comprise between 11 and 23 leaflets which have an rectangular, lanceolate form as much as 5” (12 cm) lengthy. The leaflets have toothed-edges, they usually come to a definite tip. The leaf stems all the time have a single massive tip or terminal leaf.
English Walnut (Juglans regia)
The English walnut tree has clean olive-colored bark when younger that turns into deeply fissured and grey because it matures. English walnuts develop to round 65 ft. (20 m) with a crown of pinnate leaves simply as extensive. English walnut timber are the first supply of walnuts bought in shops as we speak.
The English walnut tree can be referred to as the Persian walnut, Madeira walnut, and Carpathian walnut. These widespread names for the walnut tree relate to the tree’s native habitat in southern Europe. Frequent walnut timber thrive in full solar and develop in zones 5 – 9.
Like black walnut timber, English walnuts produce spherical drupes and engaging nuts.
English walnuts (Juglans regia) appear like inexperienced tennis balls when they’re on the tree. However after falling to the bottom, their tough inexperienced husks flip from inexperienced colour to a really darkish brown (virtually black) colour.
The style of English walnuts is described as delicate and nice. It’s also possible to eat the entire nut, and pickled walnuts are a delicacy in some components of Europe.
Walnut tree bark: English walnut timber have deep grey to brown bark with deep, rounded fissures.
Walnut tree leaves: English walnut tree’s pinnate leaves comprise between 5 and 9 leaflets, they usually all the time have a single blade on the tip. Particular person leaflets are 4” to 7” (10 – 18 cm) lengthy. In comparison with butternut and black walnuts, there are fewer leaflets on English walnut timber.
California Black Walnut (Juglans californica)
The California black walnut tree is an unusual massive, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree with a single trunk. California walnuts develop to between 20 and 50 ft. (6 – 15 m) tall and thrive in heat climates and full solar. These small walnut timber develop in zones 7 – 10.
Walnut tree bark: California black walnut timber have thick bark that may be a darkish grey colour. The bark is recognizable with its deep furrows working up and down the trunk.
Walnut tree leaves: California black walnut tree leaves are clean with slight serration alongside the margins. Between 11 and 19 elongated leaflets make up the pinnate leaves.
Northern California Black Walnut (Juglans hindsii)
The Northern California walnut tree has a single trunk, and the tree grows as much as 60 ft. (18 m) tall. Additionally referred to as Hinds’ black walnut or claro walnut, the tree is generally used within the lumber business. These black walnut timber develop in dry, sunny climates in zones 8 and 9.
Walnut tree bark: Northern California black walnuts have darkish grey bark with average fissuring on the trunk.
Walnut tree leaves: The ‘Hinds’ black walnut’s leaves are about 12” (30 cm) lengthy. The blades are made up of 13 – 21 leaflets as much as 5″ (12 cm) lengthy. There are some small tufts of hair on the leaves.
Arizona Black Walnut (Juglans main)
Arizona black walnut is a small walnut tree that grows as much as 50 ft. (15 m) tall. The quick trunk helps an enormous, broad, spreading crown that’s as much as 65 ft. (20 m) extensive. Arizona walnut timber produce small edible nuts.
Walnut tree bark: Arizona black walnuts have gray-brown bark with deep furrows and flat-topped ridges.
Walnut tree leaves: Like all species of walnuts, Arizona walnut timber have pinnately compound leaves. Every leaf incorporates between 9 and 15 leaflets which are pointed and rectangular.
Andean Walnut (Juglans neotropica)
Andean walnut timber are slow-growing timber within the genus Juglans. Andean walnuts develop as much as 131 ft. (40 m) tall and are discovered within the mountains of Peru, Columbia, and Ecuador. These tropical walnut timber are prized for his or her high-quality red-colored timber. Different names for this walnut species are Columbian walnut, Ecuadorian walnut, and Cedro negro.
Walnut tree bark: The Andean walnut tree has reddish-brown bark that has deep, lengthy grooves.
Walnut tree leaves: The tropical walnut has lengthy leaves as much as 15” (40 cm). The walnut leaves comprise of pointed oval leaflets.
Japanese Walnut (Juglans ailantifolia)
Japanese walnut timber are much like butternut timber because of their leaf form and buttery nuts. These Asian walnut timber develop as much as 66 ft. (20 m) and have gentle grey bark. An uncommon characteristic of those walnuts is that the fruits are heart-shaped fairly than spherical or oval.
Walnut tree bark: Japanese walnuts have gentle grey bark with grooves that kind a community sample.
Walnut tree leaves: Japanese walnut timber have leaves which are 2 ft. (60 cm) massive, containing between 11 and 17 massive leaflets. Every leaflet will be as much as 6” (16 cm) lengthy.
Little Walnut (Juglans microcarpa)
Additionally referred to as the Texas black walnut, this small walnut species is a big tree-like shrub. The Texas walnut tree grows to between 10 and 30 ft. (3 – 9 m) tall. The sun-loving walnut shrub grows in zones 7 – 9. Nonetheless, its timber and fruit are insignificant and are of little use.
Walnut tree bark: The little walnut tree has grey to darkish brown bark with deep furrows in vague patterns.
Walnut tree leaves: The little Texas walnut tree’s leaves have between 7 and 25 small leaflets with clean or barely serrated margins.
Manchurian Walnut (Juglans mandshurica)
The Manchurian walnut tree is native to East Asia and is without doubt one of the chilly hardiest walnut timber. The fast-growing tall walnut timber are generally grown as decorative timber as a result of their nuts are small and tough to extract. Manchurian walnuts are chilly hardy in zones 2 – 8 and may face up to temperatures as little as -49°F (-45°C).
Walnut tree bark: The Manchurian walnut tree has grayish-brown bark with fissuring widespread to most walnut tree species.
Walnut tree leaves: The pinnately compound leaves of the Manchurian walnut tree have 3 to 9 pairs of leaflets with a single terminal leaf.
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